Stress management encompasses techniques intended to equip a person with effective coping mechanisms for dealing with psychological stress. Stress is defined as a person's physiological response to an external stimulus that triggers the "fight-or-flight" reaction. Many things can trigger the stress reaction, including danger, threat, news, illness, as well as significant changes in one's life such as the death of a loved one.
Techniques of stress management include:
Self-understanding (e.g. self-identification as a Type A or as a Type B personality)
Self-management (e.g. becoming better-organized)
Adopting a more Positive attitude
Altering your diet
Taking more regular and effective rest